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The objective of the study was to determine whether 1) the proportion of athletes with mental health diagnoses and 2) athlete motivations for playing differ between team sports and individual sports. We conducted a cross-sectional study of child and adolescent athletes assessed at a sports injury prevention center. We compared self-reported anxiety, depression, and reasons for participating in sports between athletes in individual sports (e.g. gymnastics, running, diving) and team sports (e.g. soccer, football, hockey). In addition, we categorized motivation for participating in sports as 1) for fun, with associated benefits of participation including, motives such as making friends and being part of a team or 2) for goal-oriented reasons with associated benefits of participation including motives such as obtaining scholarship or controlling weight. At the time of this analysis, 756 athletes between the ages of 6 and 18 years had undergone a sports injury prevention evaluation. Most athletes were White (85%) and there was a slight female predominance (56%). Of the total population, 8% reported suffering from anxiety or depression. A higher proportion of individual sport athletes reported anxiety or depression than team sport athletes (13% vs. 7%, p



Furthermore, organized sports participation is associated with a decreased risk of anxiety, depression, feelings of hopelessness, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, illicit drug use, and the smoking of tobacco products, above exercise alone (Miller et al., 2002; Miller and Hoffman, 2009; Pedersen et al., 2017). Organized sports correlate more positively with adolescent mental health than other forms of physical activity (Eime et al., 2013). Organized sports have been associated with decreased depressive symptoms, increased self-esteem, and improved social abilities (Sabiston et al., 2016; Vella et al., 2017). The social benefits of participating in sports have been linked to reduced stress and better self-reported overall mental health in young adults (Sabiston et al., 2016; Vella et al., 2017). A study from 2015 revealed that those who do not participate in or drop out of organized sports have greater social and emotional difficulties than those who continue to play (Vella et al., 2015). Non-athletes are also 10-20% more likely to suffer from mental health issues (Vella et al., 2017). The benefits of sport and physical activity on metrics of mental health have been well-established.

The Fair Labor Standards Act defines the term "employ" to include the words "suffer or permit to work." Suffer or permit to work means that if an employer requires or allows employees to work, the time spent is generally hours worked.

Thus, time spent doing work not requested by the employer, but stillallowed, is generally hours worked, since the employer knows or has reason tobelieve that the employees are continuing to work and the employer isbenefiting from the work being done. This time is commonly referred to as"working off the clock." Review an example of suffer or permit to work.

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) defines the term "employ" to include the words "suffer or permit to work". Suffer or permit to work means that if an employer requires or allows employees to work they are employed and the time spent is probably hours worked.

Vienna, 26 June 2019 - Improved research and more precise data have revealed that the adverse health consequences of drug use are more severe and widespread than previously thought. Globally, some 35 million people are estimated to suffer from drug use disorders and who require treatment services, according to the latest World Drug Report, released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

As with an iAE, the patients suffering and dying from COVID-19 were the primary victims. But like many of her colleagues on the frontlines of the pandemic in those early days, Dr. Bankhead was caught in a seemingly unending second victim cycle of fear, anxiety, sadness, and guilt, even though no one at the time would find fault with her for any potential error.

Women and girls suffered disproportionately during and after war, as existing inequalities were magnified, and social networks broke down, making them more vulnerable to sexual violence and exploitation, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations told the Security Council today.

Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations JEAN-MARIE GUÉHENNO said women and girls did not experience conflict in the same way as men and boys, and suffered disproportionately during and after war. Existing inequalities were magnified, and social networks broke down, making them more vulnerable to sexual violence and exploitation. When the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) came into such volatile environments, it needed to listen to their voices. Women could have a positive impact when their knowledge, skills and motivation were harnessed in the name of peace and rebuilding a country.

Resolution 1325 (2000) pointed out that women and children constituted the overwhelming majority of those affected by armed conflict, as they suffered most from conflict and were soft targets for attacks. In times of conflict and forced occupation, women were deprived of their basic rights. The situation of Palestinian women in the occupied territories was a case in point.

LUIS GUILLERMO GIRALDO (Colombia) said his delegation was working with others in an informal setting on framing initiatives to enable the United Nations to follow the policy of gender equality and give particular attention to women and children in armed conflict. In Colombia, violence against the civilian population by illegal, armed bands had led to domestic problems and had forced many women and children to suffer severe consequences. Another problem was the presence of women soldiers in the illegal armed gangs, who were often victims of sexual violence.

YASHAR ALIYEV (Azerbaijan) said that the planning of all peacekeeping operations must take into account protection of the human rights of women and girls. In that regard, local and international NGOs could serve as reliable sources of information. Cooperation between international organizations was also indispensable in the effort. He said that the suffering of women in captivity during armed conflicts dwarfed any other problem under the topic, and should be especially addressed and recognized by the Security Council.

MASOOD KHALID (Pakistan), responding to remarks by the representative of India, said that details of the torture and rape of Kashmiri women had been catalogued by human rights organizations over the past 20 years. In India, there had been no accountability for the perpetrators. In addition, he said, there were international reports of the brutality of the Hindu mobs in the anti-Muslim riots. Despite those reports, impunity persisted for those perpetrators, as well, which he said was not true of some of the incidents brought up by the representative of India. The international community had a duty to stand up for the people of Kashmir, and India had an obligation to end their suffering through negotiations on the future of that region.

It's not uncommon for someone with an anxiety disorder to also suffer from depression or vice versa. Nearly one-half of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Find out more about depression.

The reasons are multifold. Among them are that marginalized populations often live in conditions that fuel ill health, suffer from diseases that could complicate infections, and have trouble accessing care if they need it.

The largest polluters on the planet are also those who suffer the least from the dangers of climate change. Alternatively, those polluting the least will be the ones most impacted by the consequences of our changing world.

The regions that are already hot, for example, will find it more difficult to cope with global warming. The more fragile tropical areas will also suffer more damage. Conversely, the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere are not expected to face such hard challenges.

The problem is that these hot, arid or tropical zones are also those with poorer countries that pollute less than Europe, the United States or China. Basically, a country like Brazil, despite polluting relatively less compared to a country like France, will suffer more negative consequences from global warming.

But this also applies at an intra-state level. Within a single country, it is often those who contribute the most to CO2 emissions and pollution that suffer the least. For instance, a study conducted in the United States confirmed global warming is affecting the southern regions of the country, which are on average poorer, with greater intensity.

The other problem is that there is no precise mechanism to manage climate injustice at an individual level. Thus, there is no real tax on CO2 emissions that would allow the wealthy (who pollute more) to contribute more to national efforts to fight global warming. In the end, today, those who pollute the least will not only suffer more the consequences of global warming. They will as well contribute to mitigating its effects as much as everyone else.

mid-13c., "allow to occur or continue, permit, tolerate, fail to prevent or suppress," also "to be made to undergo, endure, be subjected to" (pain, death, punishment, judgment, grief), from Anglo-French suffrir, Old French sofrir "bear, endure, resist; permit, tolerate, allow" (Modern French souffrir), from Vulgar Latin *sufferire, variant of Latin sufferre "to bear, undergo, endure, carry or put under," from sub "up, under" (see sub-) + ferre "to carry, bear," from PIE root *bher- (1) "to carry," also "to bear children." 041b061a72

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